WD: Macro Function to Test for Valid Directory Path

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Article ID: 87422 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q87422
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If you create a macro that attempts to change to an invalid directory path, you may receive either of the following error messages:
Run-time error '76': "Path not found"
Wordbasic error 76: "Path not found"


Before you switch to a directory using the Microsoft WordBasic or Visual Basic for Applications ChDir statement, ensure that the directory is valid.


Create macro code to test whether a directory path is valid.

Visual Basic for Applications

Microsoft provides examples of Visual Basic for Applications procedures for illustration only, without warranty either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose. The Visual Basic procedures in this article are provided 'as is' and Microsoft does not guarantee that they can be used in all situations. While Microsoft support professionals can help explain the functionality of a particular macro, they will not modify these examples to provide added functionality, nor will they help you construct macros to meet your specific needs. If you have limited programming experience, you may want to consult one of the Microsoft Solution Providers. Solution Providers offer a wide range of fee-based services, including creating custom macros. For more information about Microsoft Solution Providers, call Microsoft Customer Information Service at (800) 426-9400.
   Sub ChangeDir()
      cdDir = "<Replace with a valid directory path>"
      If Dir(cdDir, vbDirectory) <> "" then
         ChDir cdDir
         MsgBox "Specified directory is invalid!", vbOKOnly + vbCritical
      End If
   End Sub


WARNING: ANY USE BY YOU OF THE CODE PROVIDED IN THIS ARTICLE IS AT YOUR OWN RISK. Microsoft provides this macro code 'as is' without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose.

Word 6.x, 7.x:
   Sub MAIN
      If CountDirectories("<Replace with a valid directory path>") \ 
      > - 1 Then
         MsgBox "Directory is valid"
         MsgBox "Directory is not valid"
      End If
   End Sub
NOTE: The Word 6.x for Windows CountDirectories() function returns -1 if the directory path is not valid.

Word 2.0:
   Sub MAIN
      On Error Goto errorhandle
      ChDir "<Replace with a valid directory path>"
   errorhandle: ' NOTE: This line must be left aligned.
      If err = 76 Then
         MsgBox "Directory is not valid"
         MsgBox "Directory is valid"
      End If
   End Sub
The On Error statement is used to trap the WordBasic error. If the error number is 76, then a message box indicates that the path is not valid.

NOTE: Macintosh users, the above macro examples contain Windows path information. Be sure to use a valid Macintosh path. For example:
ChDir "Mac HD:Microsoft Word 6"


"Using WordBasic," by WexTech Systems and Microsoft, page 162


Article ID: 87422 - Last Review: October 26, 2013 - Revision: 3.0
Applies to
  • Microsoft Word 2.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 95a
  • Microsoft Word 97 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Word 98 for Macintosh
  • Microsoft Word 6.0 for Macintosh
  • Microsoft Word 6.01 for Macintosh
kbnosurvey kbarchive kbhowto kbmacro kbmacroexample KB87422

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