JZEF.EXE: Nh?ng g? b?n c th? dng n cho

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ID c?a bi: 160963 - Xem s?n ph?m m bi ny p d?ng vo.
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Chkntfs.exe ti?n ch ? ?c pht tri?n b?i Microsoft v c s?n trong Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 Service Pack 2 v cc phin b?n sau c?a Windows. N ?c thi?t k? ? v hi?u ho t? ?ng ch?y chkdsk ngy c? th? kh?i l?ng, khi Windows kh?i ?ng l?i t? m?t t?t my khng ng. Jzef c?ng c th? ?c s? d?ng ? unschedule m?t chkdsk n?u chkdsk/f ?c s? d?ng ? s?p x?p m?t chkdsk trn m?t ho?t ?ng t?p ngy kh?i ?ng l?i h? th?ng ti?p theo.


M?i l?n Windows kh?i ?ng l?i, Autochk.exe ?c g?i l cc H?t nhn ? qut t?t c? cc kh?i tin ? ki?m tra n?u kh?i l?ng b?n bit ?c thi?t l?p. Nu b?n bit ?c thi?t l?p, autochk th?c hi?n m?t ngay l?p t?c chkdsk/f trn kh?i l?ng . CHKDSK/f xc minh tnh ton v?n h? th?ng t?p tin v c? g?ng s?a ch?a b?t k? v?n ? v?i m l?ng. N lun lun l nn ? ch?y chkdsk trn kh?i ? ?c t?t my khng ng cch, tuy nhin, c th? c m?t s? t?nh hu?ng trong ho?t ?ng chkdsk sau m?i t?t my khng ng cch l khng th? ho?c thi?t th?c. Trong m?t s? tr?ng h?p, chkdsk c th? m?t vi gi? ho?c th?m ch ngy ? hon ton ki?m tra cc kh?i l?ng ho?c c th? treo trong khi ki?m tra m l?ng. Trong cc t?nh hu?ng ny, n l nhi?u hn n?a thi?t th?c ? tr? ho?n chkdsk cho ?n m?t th?i gian thu?n ti?n hn.

Jzef l m?t ti?n ch cho php ng?i qu?n tr? h? th?ng ? lo?i tr? cc t?p t? ang ?c ki?m tra b?i chng tr?nh autochk. Ti?n ch ?c i?u hnh t? m?t l?nh nh?c v c cc ty ch?n d?ng l?nh sau:
   chkntfs drive: [...]
   chkntfs /d
   chkntfs /x drive: [...]
   chkntfs /c drive: [...]

     drive:         Specifies a drive letter.
     /D             Restores the machine to the default
                    behavior; all drives are checked at boot
                    time and chkdsk is run on those that are
                    dirty. This undoes the effect of the /X
     /X             Excludes a drive from the default boot-time
                    check. Excluded drives are not accumulated
                    between command invocations.
     /C             Schedules chkdsk to be run at the next
                    reboot if the dirty bit has been set.
N?u khng c thi?t b? chuy?n m?ch ?c quy ?nh, Jzef hi?n th? t?nh tr?ng c?a cc b?n cht cho m?i ? ?a.

V d?:

Jzef /x c: i?u ny v hi?u ha chkdsk ch?y trn ? C:

Jzef /x d: e: i?u ny v hi?u ha chkdsk t? ch?y trn ? ?a D: v E:.

Cc Jzef /x l?nh khng tch l?y, l?nh ghi b?t k? tr?c lo?i tr? ? ?a ? ?c thnh l?p. Trong v d? trn, Jzef ch? v hi?u ha chkdsk ki?m tra trn ? ?a d v E, ? ?a c khng ph?i ki?m tra ?i v?i cc s? hi?n di?n c?a m?t cht b?n.

Cc ti?n ch Jzef ho?t ?ng b?ng cch s?a ?i cc BootExcecute gi tr? s? ng k? h? th?ng. Gi tr? BootExecute n?m trong kha registry sau y:
Gi tr? m?c ?nh l:
BootExecute:REG_MULTI_SZ:autocheck autochk *
Jzef /x cho bi?t thm m?t tham s? /k tr?c ? d?u hoa th?. /K tham s? khng bao g?m kh?i tin t? ang ?c ki?m tra cho s? hi?n di?n c?a m?t cht b?n.

V d?, l?nh

Jzef /x D:

s? s?a ?i cc m?c ng k? ny ? autocheck autochk /k:d *

Chkdsk/f l?ch tr?nh ring c?a m?nh ? ch?y lc kh?i ?ng l?i k? ti?p b?i thi?t l?p cc bit b?n trn ? ?a. Chkdsk /x v hi?u ha vi?c ki?m tra ny cht. Chkdsk/f c th? khng bao gi? ch?y vo kh?i l?ng ?c lo?i tr? t? b?n bit ki?m tra b?i Jzef.

? ch?y chkdsk/f trn m?t ? ?a c lo?i tr? b?i ti?n ch Jzef, b?n ph?i ch?y cc Jzef/d ty ch?n ? tr? v? h? th?ng tr?ng thi b?nh th?ng c?a n ho?c ch?nh s?a cc BootExecute c gi tr? trong registry v lo?i b? k? t? ? ?a hi?n hnh t? tham s? /k.

Quan tr?ng Ph?n ny, phng php, ho?c cng vi?c c b?c m cho b?n bi?t lm th? no ? ch?nh s?a registry. Tuy nhin, v?n ? nghim tr?ng c th? x?y ra n?u b?n s?a ?i registry khng chnh xc. V? v?y, h?y ch?c ch?n r?ng b?n lm theo cc b?c sau m?t cch c?n th?n. ? b?o v? ?c thm vo, sao lu s? ng k? tr?c khi b?n s?a ?i n. Sau , b?n c th? khi ph?c s? ng k? n?u m?t v?n ? x?y ra. ? bi?t thm chi ti?t v? lm th? no ? sao lu v khi ph?c s? ng k?, h?y nh?p vo s? bi vi?t sau ? xem bi vi?t trong c s? ki?n th?c Microsoft:
322756 Cch sao lu v lu tr? s? ng k trong Windows

Chkdsk /f /r cho php chkdsk ki?m tra t?p cho l?i h? th?ng t?p tin v cc l?nh v?c x?u trn ?a v?t l?. Chkdsk /f /r l?ch b?n thn ? ?c ch?y trn kh?i ?ng l?i h? th?ng ti?p theo b?ng cch thm m?t m?c nh?p vo cc BootExecute gi tr?. V d?,

chkdsk c: /f /r

cho bi?t thm cc m?c sau y v?i gi tr? BootExecute:
   autocheck autochk /r \??\C:
B?i v? m?c ny th?c s? ?c ?t trong s? ng k?, chkdsk /f /r l khng b? ?nh h?ng b?i b?t k? Jzef l?nh. Cch duy nh?t ? v hi?u ho m?t chkdsk /f /r l ? lo?i b? cc d?ng t? gi tr? BootExecute tham chi?u l?nh ny.

Cc Ti?n ch Chkntfs.exe x? l? t?t c? cc ? ?a nh ?a phng ? nt. i?u ny bao g?m Ti nguyn v?t l? ?a Microsoft c?m my ch? (MSCS) trn m?t ? ?a ?c chia s? m?ng. Khi s? d?ng Chkntfs.exe ? lo?i tr? cc ? ?a ?c chia s? trn m?t c?m, b?n ph?i ch?y l?nh exlusion vo m?i nt. i?u ny ph?i ?c th?c hi?n ? ?m b?o m?i nt ng k? s? c cc m?c thch h?p. B?n ch? c th? ch?y l?nh cho cc chia s? drive(s) nt s? h?u. N?u nt khng s? h?u ?a v?t l? ti nguyn b?n s? nh?n ?c m?t l?i.

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 160963 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 18 Thang Tam 2011 - Xem xt l?i: 2.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Workstation 4.0 Developer Edition
  • Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
T? kha:
kbhowto kbmt KB160963 KbMtvi
My d?ch
QUAN TRONG: Bi vi?t ny ?c d?ch b?ng ph?n m?m d?ch my c?a Microsoft ch? khng ph?i do con ng?i d?ch. Microsoft cung c?p cc bi vi?t do con ng?i d?ch v c? cc bi vi?t do my d?ch ? b?n c th? truy c?p vo t?t c? cc bi vi?t trong C s? Ki?n th?c c?a chng ti b?ng ngn ng? c?a b?n. Tuy nhin, bi vi?t do my d?ch khng ph?i lc no c?ng hon h?o. Lo?i bi vi?t ny c th? ch?a cc sai st v? t? v?ng, c php ho?c ng? php, gi?ng nh m?t ng?i n?c ngoi c th? m?c sai st khi ni ngn ng? c?a b?n. Microsoft khng ch?u trch nhi?m v? b?t k? s? thi?u chnh xc, sai st ho?c thi?t h?i no do vi?c d?ch sai n?i dung ho?c do ho?t ?ng s? d?ng c?a khch hng gy ra. Microsoft c?ng th?ng xuyn c?p nh?t ph?n m?m d?ch my ny.
Nh?p chu?t vo y ? xem b?n ti?ng Anh c?a bi vi?t ny:160963

Cung cp Phan hi


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